In this article you will learn all about precision agriculture. Specifically you will learn:
Precision agriculture was a term that first became popular in the 1990's. Precision farming is defined as:
Any technology which helps the practice of farming be more accurate and controlled when it comes to growing crops and raising livestock
Farming in general has 2 major challenges:
1) Farming is labor intensive - it requires a lot of people to grow, harvest, and manage
2) Farming is land intensive - it (usually) requires a lot of space
Precision agriculture uses technology to increase efficiency specifically in these 2 challenge areas. How can technology help reduce reliance on people to solve problems and reduce the need for large amounts of space to be a successful business? This requires certain technology features and tools, which you will learn about in the next section!
Precision agriculture uses specific types of technology to reduce common challenges in agriculture like space inefficiency and labor inefficiency. Technologies used include:
Oftentimes, these different components will be used in combination to increase efficiency. For example, data from sensors in an indoor farming facility may guide the actions of a robot. Drones scanning a large field may send data to irrigation systems to increase or decrease flow depending on the humidity of different areas of the field.
Since precision ag has been around for so long, both small players and large companies have developed and offer solutions to the global marketplace. Notable precision agriculture companies include:
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